Queen Liliʻuokalani was the last sovereign monarch of Hawaii. When she took the throne, the Kingdom's constitution had removed most of her powers in favor of the American colonists. She tried, unsuccessfully, to restore power to the monarchy and native Hawaiians. She was overthrown in 1893 and the United States formally annexed the islands in 1898.
Liliʻuokalani was also an author and songwriter. Her most famous song is Aloha ʻOe, which she wrote while imprisoned in ʻIolani Palace.